What are the main differences between industrial greenhouses and farm greenhouses? Features, parameters and characteristics of each type.
A greenhouse is a specially equipped room for growing vegetables and herbs in a closed ground. Its use allows you to control various factors (illumination, watering, humidity); provide much lower contamination of crops and damage by pests; reduce the amount of herbicides, pesticides and fungicides used; use special soil as a soil that is not infected with fungi, their spores, weeds. In addition, automatic irrigation systems for greenhouses are often used to optimize labor.
Both types are similar to each other, and their essence boils down to the same thing: they are used to make a monetary profit from the sale of a high-quality crop. However, there are still differences.
Turnkey industrial greenhouses are capital structures located near cities. They are built by various agricultural complexes and farms. The market for grown products is most often various retail chains. They, as a rule, have a commercial warehouse, a processing shop, a packaging site. At the same time, work in such greenhouses is carried out year-round.
Their main feature is their large size: they can extend over hundreds of square kilometers. Such greenhouses can be square or rectangular in shape, with a high ceiling. Their main task is to get as much revenue as possible, while farm greenhouses pursue the goal of growing the highest quality products, albeit not in such a large volume.
They have a powerful steel frame, which ensures the durability of the structure in any weather. Here optimal conditions are provided for plants: artificial lighting, automatic watering, increased concentration of carbon dioxide, insulation and ventilation.
Farm greenhouses are temporary seasonal (spring-summer) structures that are located in suburban areas, at a remote distance from the city. The products of such greenhouses are sold in wholesale and local markets. They, unlike industrial ones, have neither a processing shop, nor a commercial warehouse, nor a packaging site. However, their advantage is mobility: they can be quickly assembled and disassembled, they can be easily moved to another place, whereas an industrial greenhouse, as mentioned above, is a capital building. Such greenhouses have a predominantly arched shape: it provides snow sliding in winter, resistance to adverse weather events.
As you can see, both types of greenhouses have not so many differences, and the best option should be chosen based on your needs and goals.